<rt id="8egoe"></rt>
<acronym id="8egoe"></acronym>
<tt id="8egoe"><wbr id="8egoe"></wbr></tt>
  • <acronym id="8egoe"><noscript id="8egoe"></noscript></acronym>
    <tt id="8egoe"><div id="8egoe"></div></tt><object id="8egoe"><noscript id="8egoe"></noscript></object>
    <sup id="8egoe"></sup>
    <tt id="8egoe"><div id="8egoe"></div></tt>
     
    當前類別:首頁 >> 國學新聞 >> 問答平臺
    究竟什么是“魏晉風度”?(1)

    發布時間: 2017/11/1 11:05:29    被閱覽數:
    魏晉風度,一般理解為當時的名士風度,實際上指的是在中國魏晉時代產生的一種人格精神與生活方式的統一體。包括哲學思辨、人格境界、文學創作、審美追求等方面。從時間上來說,指的是三國時的魏(公元220-265年)至兩晉年代(公元265-420年),再到劉宋時代以士族名士為主體的生命體驗,它以竹林七賢中阮籍嵇康和晉宋時期詩人陶淵明為代表人物。
      
      今天我們就來與大家一起討論一下什么是魏晉風度,以及它的現代人生意義問題。主要談兩個問題:一、魏晉風度的形成背景;二、魏晉風度的表現形式。
      
      談到魏晉風度,不能不與當時興起的士族階層相聯系。士族,或者叫做世族是東漢末年興起的世家大族,他們壟斷做官的權力,有著自己的政治特權與莊園經濟,可以與皇權平分秋色,比如東晉時就有“王與馬,共天下”之說。在中國歷史上,唯一可以與皇權分庭抗禮的,就是魏晉南北朝年代的士族階層。魏晉風度的名士大部分是世家大族的人物,比如王謝家族,他們既是政治與經濟上的大族,也是文化的大族,謝氏是詩歌家族,王氏是書法大族。所以魏晉風度既是名士的精神貴族的產物,也是憑借經濟與政治上的特權而形成的。
      
      東漢末年,社會陷入了空前的戰亂之中,南北分裂,生靈涂炭,老莊人生無常,企求解脫的學說走進人們的心靈之中。王瑤先生在《中古文學史論集》中曾指出,感嘆人生無常是漢魏以來文學的主旋律。這種時代情緒又因了當時文化的主體士族的崛起形成為特定的思想體系。當時,對人生苦難的解脫,對逍遙境界的尋求,成了魏晉以來人生哲學的重大課題。當時,圍繞著這一主題,各種人生哲學紛紛出現。比較有代表性的,有這么幾種:一、以阮籍為代表的逍遙論。二、以嵇康為代表的養生論。三、以《列子·楊朱篇》為代表的縱欲論。此外,還有何晏、王弼的無為論,向秀、郭象的安命論等等。魏晉以后逐漸興盛的佛教,則是從宗教麻痹的角度,來解釋人生問題的。
      
      這幾種人生哲學雖然旨趣不同,角度各異,但都是探討如何解脫苦難,實現人生價值的。正像著名學者湯用彤先生在《魏晉玄學與文學理論》一文中所說的那樣:“魏晉人生觀之新型,其期望在超世之理想,其追求者為玄遠之絕對,而遺資生之相對。從哲理上來說,所在意欲探求玄遠之世界,脫離塵世之苦海,探得生存之奧秘。”這種生命精神在《世說新語》這部記載名士軼事的筆記小品中有著生動的表現。收入這部筆記中的大都是漢末以來名士沖決禮法,率真自得,狂誕任放的軼事。他們的行動有著明確的追求,這就是拋棄了傳統儒家哲學中過于拘執的一些道德說教,而以自己的生命意志來支配行為,通過偶發性的情節來組織行為,形成創作。最典型的則是王羲之的兒子王徽之雪夜訪戴的軼事:
    來源:《中華讀書報》      編輯:秋痕

    何謂氏族社會?
    究竟什么是“魏晉風度”?(2)

    |關于我們 | 招聘信息 |聯系我們 |友情鏈接 |相關介紹 |免責申明 |
    copyright©2006 Power By confucianism®  中國國學網版權所有    蜀ICP備16005458號
     
    大发pk10 20772288.com | 20177770.com | www.oa2668.com | www.6832p.com | www.914909.com | 77261166.com | www.mgdc42.com | www.230967.com | 32yxw.com | www.88166k.com | www.377506.com | JS1388s.com | www.9737pp.me | www.033918.com | 9780055.com | www.83377t.com | www.035069.com | www.benz4455s.com | www.065825.com | 6137z.net | www.lxyl196.com | www.hg27388.com | 2229tz.com | www.16076.com | www.50064t.com | 9yuhe.com | www.jinniu00.com | 3066sss.com | www.23336.com | www.700345.com | podyl.com | www.50064m.com | 61328822.com | www.ba502.com | 7779z.cc | www.t4042.com | www.401272.com | www.hg2168.com | www.666407.com | spj81.net | www.js00558.com | 01234p.com | www.9478.com | 3121aa.com | www.09527w.com | www.33588v.com | www.7830n.com | www.cp208.com | 8905o.com | www.178441.com | ylzz4447.com | www.727321.com | 3178mm.com | www.k4042.com | 8159xxx.cc | www.099923.com | 8790q.com | www.333777j.com | sjlh66.com | www.56569.com | www.621312.com | www.67797l.com | www.775020.com | www.5665699.com | www.33588c.com | 86811t.com | www.9552168.com | vvv01234.com | 6766jj.com | www.105ak.com | c89ew41.com | www.68568q.com | 747720.com | www.9149e.com | 26444z.com | www.9155b.cc | www.4972rr.com | 998dlw.com | www.909022.com | 4812111.com | www.16181z.com | vvv67890.com | www.39500f.com | www.ylg9939.com | www.315019.com | www.349459.com | 6868137.com | www.tushan68.com | ei59.cn | www.p32939.com | 54146644.com | www.80065k.com | le888g.com | www.529355.com | www.hg066.com | 6601885.com | www.4058hh.com | 9539012.com | www.7788.tt | 500000710.com | www.609810.com | www.69111k.com | ylg12.com | www.5446hh.com | 8381006.com | www.15355z.com | www.333222p.com | www.370933.com | www.79500w.com | 4465k.com | www.5484h.com | www.ylhg4848.com | www.171109.com | www.hg8056.com | 45637x.com | www.37377f.com | 22555004.com | www.357173.com | www.n2678.com | 4288.com | www.38775ww.com | www.dfs788.com | www.50024a.com | www.4058qq.com | 2267t.com | www.833314.com | www.v6187.com | aa4119.com | www.996099.com | www.sun368.com | 1017.com | www.39957d.com | www.seqhi.com | 0015aa.com | www.61655c.com | www.hg7288.com | 6647k.com | www.0032737.com | tt6837.com | www.88065a.com | www.04567f.com | 11105.com | www.305988.com | www.bwinyz09.com | www.wns8858.com | hg2808dd.com | www.8998833.com | www.6033f.com | 1408.com | www.771246.com | www.1168d.com | 6220a.com | www.187393.com | www.1064b.com | www.1869r.com | 5446f.com | www.35918t.com | www.212323.com | 8449rr.com | chengbet330.com | www.2418i.com | www.93480.com | 3405y.com | www.610958.com | www.hgdc700.com | 15920000.com | 3983.com | www.534331.com | www.736suncity.com | 3836.com | www.547477.com | www.32031q.com | www.xpj9t9.com | hg345.com | www.345897.com | www.1434b.com | www.pjbet77.com | 112o.net | www.hg6767.com | www.25288w.com | 3522f.cc | www.fcff7.com | 8015f.com | 1407e.com | www.401275.com | www.569361.com | www.15355m.com | qq5443.com | 3202d.com | www.djcp004.com | www.342077.com | www.641477.com | www.c5635.com | www.99638k.com | www.hg0083.com | www.pj88l.com | www.11557.com | www.hg8290.com | www.hx3386.com | www.g22365.com | www.7893w9.com | www.fcbmp.com | www.388kf.com | www.bh33345.com | 88445002.com | tengbo105.com | www.81866r.com | 1654tt.com | 9895n.com | 44qq8331.com | 5003ggg.com | 78113366.com | www.32126r.net | www.22288806.com | www.572444.com | www.z32126.cc | www.hg2269.com | www.656012.com | www.77537x.com | www.hg0088.co | www.hg1369.com | www.hg0125.com | www.22244066.com | www.393222.com | www.938x.cc | www.78888js.com | www.5981n.com | www.80188j.com | www.6386c.com | www.540640c.com | www.32031w.com | www.984702.com | www.tet365.com | www.hg6767b.com | www.8667g.com | www.c5635.com | www.638806.com | www.202370.com | swin2.com | 4444sands.com | blr5544.com | 预览w444000.com | ff4119.com | m3410.com | bet28j.com | 22556w.com | 55553885.com | www.5319m.com | www.yt7488.com | www.88166c.com | www.06400.com | www.97655p.com | www.996763.com | www.355274.com | 54770.com | y01234.com | s7726.com | 80368w.com | 3hmh9f.cn | www.2846o.com | www.90989.com | www.234kk.com | www.e98478.com | www.8667y.com | www.544242.com | 111122uu.com | 2998v.com | 2240099.com | 998b.cc | www.fh7777.com | www.rrrr0063.com | www.80969s.com | www.4521k.com | www.851895.com | www.5086b.com | www.392477.com | t8159.cc | 2214rr.com | 83086s.com | www.888vip7.com | www.jz9788.com | www.585167.com | www.806875.com | s2894.com | 37688u.com | 1077ddd.com | www.88807f.com | www.5504u.com | www.99094.com | www.hx6666.com | 32126p.net | 97618w.com | 2158.com | www.hg726.com | www.20199pp.com | www.sj5558.com | www.899342.com | 89892qq.com | 030991.com | 383744.com | www.00355a.com | www.5446j.com | www.8667u.com | 55557893.com | 9506x.com | www.38200b.com | www.1301122.com | www.115527r.com | www.104ak.com | 5956988.com | 67890hh.com | www.hg3968.com | www.sscb22.cc | www.07234.com | www.361944.com | 6611412.com | 88807v.com | www.hg7911.com | www.7920p.com | www.9928l.com | 99306l.com | 2127tt.com | www.32329193.com | www.89677k.com | www.dfw993.com | cc32355.com | t21148.com | www.535msc.com | www.292085.com | www.2109k.com | 开彩? com | ryipt33.com | www.656012.com | www.115527r.com | www.781253.com | 168cp-i.com | 9474.com | www.829797d.com | www.984688.com | 80032277.com | www.88188b.cc | www.10999y.com | www.535666a.com | 267365.com | 500000878.com | www.668cp66.com | www.005hy.cc | 67890gg.com | www.wxr44.com | www.4196w.com | www.658997.com | 80188.com | www.29886f.com | www.664456.com | 66300vip13.com | yh66222.com | www.320288.com | www.bj16.com | 131xxx.net | 1wns.com | www.115527g.com | www.324877.com | 3967v.com | www.00355a.com | www.33112r.com | hg91910.com | www.63877l.com | www.ba302.com | ly88888883.com | ab38555.com | www.938l.cc | www.887575.com | 5504r.com | www.yh8463.com | www.1764t.com | www.hjcp77.com | www.c5823.com | yuhe.ooo | www.73800.com | www.666xm.cc | 2324ooo.com | www.991866.com | www.2934b.com | 06385454.com | www.153msc.com | www.8499h.com | 7893w9.com | www.amh00.com | www.ybao5.com | 9679j.com | www.76775e.com | www.843980.com | zb11.com | www.9cai.com | www.26299o.com | 2381k.com | www.5886pp.com | 02489.com | www.aobo9.com | www.179101.com | lego.vip | www.dh03035.com | www.504446.com | 3334136.com | www.62007.com | www.hjin5.com | 8037n.com | www.163a4.com | www.csw288.com | 3434nnn.com | www.798343.com | 44488n.com | www.85770m.com | www.u77929.com | 11oo8332.com | www.vns1033.com | www.599894.com | 2546y.com | www.jsdc9000.com | 3678.com | www.pj98914.com | www.545669.com | 2247x.com | www.vns18158.com | 30019w.com | www.009.happy001.biz | www.302830.com | 6403b.com | www.60wb.top | swtyfff.com | www.4694k.com | 2019ii.cc | www.jsc999.com | www.coz5.com | 655660055.com | www.4521w.com | ddcp33.com | www.hg8870.com | www.321693.com | www.143800.com | www.66332h.com | 3435s.com | www.79095q.com | 20053366.com | www.kzcs4.com | 30006dz.com | www.l27229.com | www.927793.com | hhhhh222.com | www.4988g.cc | 66681g.com | www.60886f.com | 7196a.com | www.496649.com | www.54400o.com | www.b22365.com | www.876061.com | 97618o.com | www.80779.com | xiaowei889.com | www.16065i.com | 4018l.com | www.63606o.com | 2544b2.com | www.673888e.com | feicai0931.com | www.0077jj.com | 0600x.cc | www.34kj.com | 87680g.com | www.hv866.com | 444000ddd.com | www.08057777.com | 31325.com | www.29886m.com | www.338053.com | www.3643j.com | www.399180.com | www.8694h.com | www.500713.com | www.a50336.com | www.914077.com | www.xhtd09.com | www.717885.com | 3482c.com | www.bwinyz48.com | 0615004.com | www.506201.com | 23456.cc | www.0194000.com | 11005b.com | www.26878k.com | 8742c.com | www.cai001.vip | www.am1666.com | www.976917.com | www.223456k.com | www.587244.com | www.ylzz4440.com | 7508.com | www.50000992.com | 001122331.com | www.pj66119.net | 69990b.com | www.m.195668.com | qq00558.com | www.50052b.com | www.902771.com | www.f30226.com | 18775m.com | www.lefa3333.com | 6002b.com | www.1434g.com | 2127.com | www.cb3788.com | www.4972xx.com | 32126b.net | www.bscpjj.com | 1389y.com | www.334175.com | 6665009.com | www.2632l.com | www.hg33733.com | 56987zz.com | www.h456x.com | blr135.com | www.17848.net | 1hg7788.com | www.312477.com | www.ab738.com | 4165f.com | www.456369.net | pjanhui.com | www.477680.com | www.hg8052.com | 4136l.com | www.7728229.com | 97618o.com | www.168339.com | www.98923.com | 73055w.com | www.39500y.com | www.7188c.com | 5001e.com | www.362063.com | 22pp8332.com | www.508433.com | www.37767.com | hg0266.com | www.50788n.com | www.56520t.com | 22296ii.com | www.4102z.com | f3144.com | www.89894c.com | www.4963t.com | 55797h.com | www.811030.com | www.203rs.com | jidu03.com | www.05500w.com | www.xpj97.com | 7811zz.com | www.708wb.com | www.2090944.com | x48e.com | www.hg57977.com | www.bwin599.com | 4066c.com | www.9606.tw | www.am0674.com | 4023k.com | www.4923f.com | www.hg8086.com | lc99k.com | www.js36686.com | www.28758d.com | 058789.com | www.831666.com | www.t27229.com | 18438hd.com | www.36788r.com | www.838967.com | vipvip6666.com | www.cp702.vip | www.140suncity.com | pj200.cc | www.196062.com | www.yh234d.com | 7335h.com | n5429.com | www.1432.com | www.wns08888.com | ts698.com | www.808482.com | www.1168b.com | 500000410.com | jkglpeixun.com | www.pj9030.com | www.dy6611.com | ppp1915.com | www.w095.com | www.58665u.com | 37570a.com | 50023366.com | www.4323o.com | www.894929.com | 3435s.com | www.196037.com | www.07679s.com | www.365969.com | 9856pp.com | www.5095g.com | www.888365q.com | 667766h.com | bcylc22.com | www.81520w.com | www.hqg88.com | 1591vip.com | 69445566.com | www.89894p.com | www.48tk.com | le888y.com | 99151m.com | www.25688h.com | www.5966lll.com | 3189pp.com | vgjnk781jh.com | www.07czj.com | www.lefa3333.com | 8901r.com | 8118522.com | www.c9664.com | www.77775309.com | www.63877p.com | 5.am | www.66332e.com | www.ihg5522.com | www.5849.com | 500000373.com | 61322200.com | www.799343.com | www.959794.com | www.nn32355.com | 73884.com | 5003qqq.com | www.3479c.com | www.53094444.com | www.alpk8.com | bet727.com | 15222.com | www.32123b.com | www.1168x.com | www.85770b.com | 36409955.com | 00773b.com | www.6832y.com | www.829797a.com | www.773114.com | 22nn8331.com | 1775uu.com | www.754918.com | www.959718.com | www.39543.com | 5168222.cc | 8448002.com | 4242.com | www.777hy.cc | www.y8821.com | www.38538.com | 111ths.com | 348301.com | 0030.com | www.269777a.com | www.288021.com | www.31276.com | 081792.com | 10524.com | 3258k.com | www.011888a.com | www.452.com | www.77731f.com | www.3459o.com | 11663885.com | ydgj1515.com | 0729b.com | www.914907.com | www.9422d.com | www.0636777.com | www.hg0360.com | 33567m.com | 4590x.com | 9464002.com | www.235952.com | www.5854g.cc | www.714115.com | www.d9478.com | www.98717s.com | 4997n.com | 82365d.com | 8890850.com | www.061966.com | www.w413.com | www.959595.co | www.55070a.com | www.tyc1116.com | www.xhtd68.com | 8036v.com | so.cc | bet99331.com | 015015.com | www.595601.com | www.12455n.com | www.55676e.com | www.99113k.com | www.hg7849.com | www.44488806.com | 33115tt.com | lc99y.com | 88740a.com | ccidnet.com | www.848766.com | www.15355s.com | www.v09738.com | www.17k0048.com | www.suncity112.com | www.kx151.com | www.pjzhejiang.com | 3505.com | 6118k.com | kk3405.com | 363369.com | 88903737.com | cj807.com | www.178261.com | www.756693.com | www.0014n.com | www.99638c.com | www.6667758.com | www.79095t.com | www.bet91486.com | www.721408.com | www.amdc0009.com | www.ljw037.com | www.yl554455.com | 19991c.com | 7792q.com | dz1666.com | wx2277.com | 01234lll.com | 8159fff.cc | 44449.com | 6766ww.com | 2222k95.com | 1408c.com | qijidianyou.com | 50028833.com | 3045533.com | P35i.com | www.80767e.com | www.322424.com | www.573898.com | www.795917.com | www.932135.com | www.hm3399.com | www.2875i.com | www.5095q.com | www.8039q.com | www.00840w.com | www.29277m.com | www.36787c.com | www.50052t.com | www.50732m.com | www.50024s.com | www.50080c.com | www.50080c.com | www.33588m.com | www.33112p.com | www.08588x.com | www.03882.cc | www.7777ho.com | www.062wy.com | www.gock3.com | www.969949.com | www.901175.com | www.755096.com | www.574177.com | www.312102.com | www.137518.com | kaixinbo.cc | weide25.net | g18299.com | 5000008018.com | 123456uu.cc | xs9411.com | bwinqqq.com | o4212.com | 09780.com | 3379f.com | 188qq22.com | www.vns8893.com | www.4107e.com | www.xhtd05.com | www.35789.com | www.lfcp099.com | www.50999p.com | www.377666z.com | www.7920l.com | www.2020788.com | www.50024f.com | www.coz5.com | www.544669.com | www.50051e.com | 51200xx.com | 4812k.com | 0245w.com | 599hainan.com | mgm3242k.com | www.ag9611.com | www.5559193.com | www.fbs6.com | www.7334h.com | www.839282.com | www.p77929.com | www.2408c.com | www.609815.com | 7196pp.com | 3846m.com | 9479d4.com | r72227.com | 51200jj.com | www.41msc.com | www.448789.com | www.89599h.com | www.1434s.com | www.50024w.com | www.802733.com | ylzz1110.com | 201.com | 71707s.com | by9911.com | www.hg755.com | www.523234.com | www.00772x.com | www.725518.com | www.1035y.com | www.315019.com | 78808s.com | ahg0088.com | 68963555.com | www.m22365.com | www.ns1122.com | www.n2894.com | www.60108m.com | www.609815.com | 69111xpj.com | 3473n.com | 667766f.com | da1369.com | 500000773.com | qjdy004.com | www.hg00188.com | www.js807.com | www.60886e.com | www.84141.com | www.260929.com | h8828.net | dh0853.com | www.901718.com | www.087hg.com | www.pjc00.vip | www.9478g.com | www.167090.com | 7736r.com | JS1388u.com | www.383050.com | www.808888r.com | www.9989581.com | www.796786.com | bb56988.com | 3807t.com | www.85770e.com | www.00699a.com | www.cb800.cc | www.810619.com | 6403z.com | 9101906.com | www.8694u.com | www.19019t.com | www.71399g.com | www.136031.com | 23015.com | 7989y.com | www.kj853.com | www.78885.com | www.888258.com | 500000531.com | 6261pp.com | www.wn99yyy.com | www.7225o.com | www.055b.cc | 6641v.com | 78365.com | www.05125a.com | www.v38.me | www.qbwc3.com | 1077ii.com | 702240.com | www.66119z.com | www.55060v.com | www.9928aa.com | 35dd.vip | yhshandong.vip | www.bhhxled.com | www.0612f.com | www.689744.com | 316f.cc | 866bc.com | www.6805.com | www.84499.cc | 5598510.com | 9xh.vip | www.5849.com | www.hg8889.tw | h61653.com | 57157q.com | www.32666n.com | www.5886rr.com | www.560671.com | 6003822.com | www.qianyi862.com | www.4963rr.com | www.ya218.com | 81366d.com | 6002o.com | www.4212h.com | www.qml3.com | 3936u.com | www.pj6633.com | www.bwinyz11.com | www.878455.com | 500000798.com | www.v1878.com | www.79095l.com | www.535267.com | 4167r.com | www.333089.com | www.x55678.com | 9958944.com | 7720y.com | www.hj809.com | www.2632b.com | 3659699.com | www.agg066.com | www.598012.com | www.536678.com | 4288ll.com | www.153995.com | www.99383.com | 01234yyy.com | 5004gg.com | www.4996hk.com | www.551030.com | ggg1915.com | www.093779.com | www.68568m.com | 353242.com | www.6446a.com | www.4483066.com | www.001857.com | 76886t.com | www.85857n.com | www.927633.com | 61789j.com | www.yf2112.com | www.52303c.com | ab5.com | www.h7788r.com | www.0967004.com | 55ll8331.com | www.a1a333.cc | www.78680j.com | m88vn.com | aa33336.com | www.5679527.com | zbouyang.cn | 2544b9.com | www.i80288.com | www.137518.com | 667766h.com | www.26123dd.com | www.198109.com | 8901u.com | www.cn365k.com | www.081305.com | 131www.net | www.am13579.com | www.32123e.com | feicai0416.com | www.73990f.com | jsdas8.com | www.hg12358.com | www.826016.com | 9464002.com | www.21365ee.com | www.99677c.com | wns789.com | www.pj33305.com | www.29czj.com | 22098y.com | www.5504l.com | www.235953.com | 预览BY30838.com | www.pjc22.vip | 32212j.com | www.00829t.com | www.54400p.com | 336.cc | www.2865899.com | www.540707.com | 2846f.com | www.12136g.com | 3225j.com | www.21050022.com | www.2373y.com | 4995v.com | www.dsn96.net | vip2127.com | www.76060p.com | www.60123r.com | 4060kk.com | www.668cp22.com | www.001865.com | www.888746.com | www.99788b.com | 6261m.com | www.55549.cc | 1859005.com | www.63877q.com | www.41518f.com | 3550.com | www.38138b.com | 35aa.vip | www.yh8434.com | www.al6888.com | 477105.net | www.3434ccc.com | 8520h.com | www.4512x.com | www.183096.com | www.ylg4499.com | www.61233p.com | 019666.com | www.9911331.com | 36409977.com | www.09323.cc | www.505518.com | zzylc7.com | www.80767f.com | yun888.com | www.2544g5.com | b829.xyz | www.haomen2002.com | 36088.com | www.zz8633.com | www.807839.com | 29918e.com | www.50026q.com | jing555.com | www.0033sun.com | 0554xc.com | www.633756.com | zhcp100.com | www.ok633.com | www.77801u.com | www.365815f.com | www.821260.com | 7736j.com | www.22yfa.com | 2934x.com |